The hacker culture is a subculture of individuals who enjoy the intellectual challenge of creatively overcoming and circumventing limitations of systems to achieve novel and clever outcomes. The act of engaging in activities (such as programming or other media) in a spirit of playfulness and exploration is termed "hacking". However, the defining characteristic of a hacker is not the activities performed themselves (e.g. programming), but the manner in which it is done: hacking entails some form of excellence, for example exploring the limits of what is possible, thereby doing something exciting and meaningful. Activities of playful cleverness can be said to have "hack value" and are termed "hacks" (examples include pranks at MIT intended to demonstrate technical aptitude and cleverness). The hacker culture originally emerged in academia in the 1960s around the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)'s Tech Model Railroad Club (TMRC) and MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.
A mod or modification is the alteration of content from a video game in order to make it operate in a manner different from its original version. Mods can be created for any genre of game but are especially popular in first-person shooters, role-playing games and real-time strategy games. Mods are made by the general public or a developer and can be entirely new games in themselves, but mods are not stand-alone software and require the user to have the original release in order to run. They can include new items, modded weapons, characters, enemies, models, textures, levels, story lines, music, money, armor, life and game modes. They can be single-player or multiplayer. Mods that add new content to the underlying game are often called partial conversions, while mods that create an entirely new game are called total conversions and mods that fix bugs only are called unofficial patches.
Games running on a personal computer are often designed with change in mind, allowing modern PC games to be modified by gamers without much difficulty. These mods can add extra replay value and interest. The Internet provides an inexpensive medium to promote and distribute mods, and they have become an increasingly important factor in the commercial success of some games. Developers such as id Software, Valve Software, Re-Logic, Bethesda Softworks, Firaxis, Crytek, The Creative Assembly and Epic Games provide extensive tools and documentation to assist mod makers, leveraging the potential success brought in by a popular mod like Counter-Strike.
An algorithm is an effective method that can be expressed within a finite amount of space and time and in a well-defined formal language for calculating a function. Starting from an initial state and initial input (perhaps empty), the instructions describe a computation that, when executed, proceeds through a finite number of well-defined successive states, eventually producing "output" and terminating at a final ending state. The transition from one state to the next is not necessarily deterministic; some algorithms, known as randomized algorithms, incorporate random input.
In relation to logic-based and artificial neural network-based clinical decision support system, which are also computer applications to the medical decision making field, algorithms are less complex in architecture, data structure and user interface. Medical algorithms are not necessarily implemented using digital computers. In fact, many of them can be represented on paper, in the form of diagrams, nomographs, etc.
Awarding the album three stars from Alternative Press, Jason Schreurs writes, "As is the case with the bulk of this musical style, the vocals bring it back down to a near-mediocre level." Bradley Zorgdrager, rating the album a five out of ten for Exclaim!, says, "Unfortunately, a lack of inspiration causes the songs to come undone, as many of the parts sound only like a means to get to the next." Giving the album four stars at About.com, Todd Lyons states, "everything binds together into one masterful meditation." Tim Dodderidge, indicating in a 8.5 out of ten review by Mind Equals Blown, writes, "From start to finish, My Heart to Fear’s debut full-length is an energetic, ferocious, cathartic and inspiring metal album."
Kevin Hoskins, giving the album three and a half stars for Jesus Freak Hideout, describes, "this is just metal done well ... but any hardcore fan will be digging this release all summer long." Awarding the album four and a half stars from HM Magazine, Sean Huncherick states, "One good thing about Algorithm is that the band realizes they don’t need to constantly play as fast as they can." Brody B., rating the album four star at Indie Vision Music, writes, "With a few minor tweaks here and there that could have made songs feel more fleshed out I would have had a hard time finding fault with this debut record."
Believe it or not, the lottery is one of the oldest and most popular games in human history ... trust.� ... Second, all customer funds are held in cold storage, which keeps them safe from hackers since only the user has access to them. Importantly, all transactions are encrypted with the HMACSHA-512 algorithm, further ensuring the safety of funds ... ....
Twitter’s image-cropping algorithm is even more biased than previously known, researchers say ... The findings were part of a contest hosted by Twitter at the Def Con hacker conference in Las Vegas over the weekend to find new ways that the algorithm coded bias.
Researchers say Twitter’s image-cropping algorithm is more biased than previously known ... The findings were part of a contest hosted by Twitter at the Def Con hacker conference in Las Vegas over the weekend to find new ways that the algorithm coded bias.
Def Con, one of the world’s largest hacker conventions, took place last weekend in Las Vegas... Sam Curry, hacker ... Sam Curry, hacker ... Just before the Def Con convention, Twitter announced it would seek the help of hackers by offering a bounty to improve its image-cropping algorithm, which has been criticised for favouring white faces.
In a normal year, I would be getting on a plane today and travelling to Las Vegas for the loose conglomeration of events informally known as “HackerSummer Camp” ... The company’s created its first “algorithmic bias bounty”, modelled on “bug bounty” security programs, which reward ethical hackers for reporting weaknesses to the developer.
Twitter is turning to hackers to help it fix problems with its algorithm (Photo by Nikolas Kokovlis/NurPhoto via Getty Images). Twitter has announced a bug bounty program to encourage hackers to identify and fix faults with one of its algorithms ...Last year, researchers pointed out the apparently racist way that Twitter’s cropping algorithm worked.
Photo Illustration by RafaelHenrique/SOPAImages/LightRocket via Getty Images Twitter announced a new competition for computer researchers and hackers ... Twitter has introduced a new competition for researchers and hackers to spot and fix apparent racial and gender bias in its image-cropping algorithm, the company said.
Twitter said Friday it would offer a cash "bounty" to users and researchers to help root out algorithmic bias on the social media platform ... They said the hacker bounty model offers promise in finding algorithmic bias ... for proactive and collective identification of algorithmic harms.".
Twitter Inc said on Friday it will launch a competition for computer researchers and hackers to identify biases in its image-cropping algorithm after a group of researchers previously found the algorithm tended to exclude Black people and men.
Twitter said Friday it would offer a cash "bounty" to users and researchers to help root out algorithmic bias on the social media platform. The San Francisco tech firm said this would be "the industry's first algorithmic bias bounty competition," with prizes up to $3,500... They said the hacker bounty model offers promise in finding algorithmic bias.
Saturday, July 31 Twitter Inc said on Friday it will launch a competition for computer researchers and hackers to identify biases in its image-cropping algorithm, after a group of researchers previously found the algorithm tended to exclude Black people and men.
Twitter Inc said on Friday it will launch a competition for computer researchers and hackers to identify biases in its image-cropping algorithm, after a group of researchers previously found the algorithm tended to exclude black people and men.
Twitter said on Friday it will launch a competition for computer researchers and hackers to identify biases in its image-cropping algorithm, after a group of researchers previously found the algorithm tended to exclude Black people and men.
Twitter has announced a bug bounty contest to detect biases in the image-cropping algorithm ... Twitter BugBounty Contest which is aimed to detect biases in its image-cropping algorithm has been launched for hackers and computer researchers ... $1,000 for Most Generalizable (i.e., applies to the most types of algorithms).
Microblogging giant Twitter has announced a bug bounty programme meant to find algorithmic bias in its artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms. The company is offering rewards worth up to $3,500 for identifying biases in its image cropping algorithm, an effort that Twitter had announced back in May.